Quantum coherence is the key resource for quantum technology, with applications in quantum optics, information processing, metrology, and cryptography. Yet, there is no universally efficient method for quantifying coherence either in theoretical or in experimental practice. I introduce a framework for measuring quantum coherence in finite dimensional systems. I define a theoretical measure which satisfies the reliability criteria established in the context of quantum resource theories. Then, I present an experimental scheme implementable with current technology which evaluates the quantum coherence of an unknown state of a d-dimensional system by performing two programmable measurements on an ancillary qubit, in place of the O(d2) direct measurements required by full state reconstruction. The result yields a benchmark for monitoring quantum effects in complex systems, e.g., certifying nonclassicality in quantum protocols and probing the quantum behavior of biological complexes.
Observable measure of quantum coherence in finite dimensional systems / Girolami, D.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 113:17(2014), p. 170401.
|Titolo:||Observable measure of quantum coherence in finite dimensional systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.170401|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|