A new approach is introduced for non-rigid registration of a pair of magnetic resonance images (MRI). It is a generalization of the demons algorithm with low computational cost, based on local information augmentation (by integrating multiple images) and balanced implementation. Specifically, a single deformation that best registers more pairs of images is estimated. All these images are extracted by applying different operators to the two original ones, processing local neighbors of each pixel. The following five images were found to be appropriate for MRI registration: the raw image and those obtained by contrast-limited adaptive histogram equalization, local median, local entropy and phase symmetry. Thus, each local point in the images is supplemented by augmented information coming by processing its neighbor. Moreover, image pairs are processed in alternation for each iteration of the algorithm (in a balanced way), computing both a forward and a backward registration. The new method (called balanced multi-image demons) is tested on sagittal MRIs from 10 patients, both in simulated and experimental conditions, improving the performances over the classical demons approach with minimal increase of the computational cost (processing time around twice that of standard demons). Specifically, a simulated deformation was applied to the MRIs (either original or corrupted by additive Gaussian or speckle noises). In all tested cases, the new algorithm improved the estimation of the simulated deformation (squared estimation error decreased by about 65% in the average). Moreover, statistically significant improvements were obtained in experimental tests, in which different brain regions (i.e., brain, posterior fossa and cerebellum) were identified by the atlas approach and compared to those manually delineated (in the average, Dice coefficient increased of about 6%). The conclusion is that a balanced method applied to multiple information extracted from neighboring pixels is a low cost approach to improve registration of MRIs.
Balanced multi-image demons for non-rigid registration of magnetic resonance images / Mesin, L.. - In: MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING. - ISSN 0730-725X. - 74(2020), pp. 128-138.
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|Titolo:||Balanced multi-image demons for non-rigid registration of magnetic resonance images|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mri.2020.09.013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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