With the fast growing diffusion of the real-time high accuracy applications based on the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), the robustness of the GNSS receiver performance has become a compelling requirement. Disruptive effects can be induced to the signal processing stages of GNSS receivers due to the disturbances from Radio-Frequency Interference (RFI), even leading to a complete outage of the positioning and timing service. A typical RFI threat to the GNSS signals is represented by portable jammers which transmit swept-frequency (chirp) signals in order to span the overall GNSS bandwidth. The implementation in the receivers of Adaptive Notch Filters (ANFs) for chirp cancellation has been extensively investigated and proved to be an efficient countermeasure. However, the performance of ANF is strongly dependent on its configuration setup. Inappropriate parameter settings of the ANF for interference removal may induce severe distortion to the correlation process. In addition, an effective mitigation will still introduce a vestigial signal distortion contributed by the residual unmitigated chirp and the ANF operation itself, being not negligible for high accuracy solutions. This paper addresses the detailed analysis for assessing the effects of interference mitigation by notch filtering. A bias compensation strategy is proposed, wherein for each Pseudo Random Noise (PRN) the biases due to the parameter settings of the notch filter are estimated and compensated. The impact of using the ANF operation on chirp signals at the acquisition and tracking stages of GNSS receivers is analyzed. On the basis of the three proposed metrics, the effects can be quantitatively estimated to depict a complete picture of the most influential parameters of the chirp and the ANF configurations, as well as the optimal achievable performance at the acquisition and tracking stages.

An Assessment of Impact of Adaptive Notch Filters for Interference Removal on the Signal Processing Stages of a GNSS Receiver / Qin, Wenjian; Gamba, Micaela Troglia; Falletti, Emanuela; Dovis, Fabio. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AEROSPACE AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0018-9251. - ELETTRONICO. - 56:5(2020), pp. 4067-4082. [10.1109/TAES.2020.2990148]

An Assessment of Impact of Adaptive Notch Filters for Interference Removal on the Signal Processing Stages of a GNSS Receiver

Qin, Wenjian;Gamba, Micaela Troglia;Dovis, Dovis
2020

Abstract

With the fast growing diffusion of the real-time high accuracy applications based on the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), the robustness of the GNSS receiver performance has become a compelling requirement. Disruptive effects can be induced to the signal processing stages of GNSS receivers due to the disturbances from Radio-Frequency Interference (RFI), even leading to a complete outage of the positioning and timing service. A typical RFI threat to the GNSS signals is represented by portable jammers which transmit swept-frequency (chirp) signals in order to span the overall GNSS bandwidth. The implementation in the receivers of Adaptive Notch Filters (ANFs) for chirp cancellation has been extensively investigated and proved to be an efficient countermeasure. However, the performance of ANF is strongly dependent on its configuration setup. Inappropriate parameter settings of the ANF for interference removal may induce severe distortion to the correlation process. In addition, an effective mitigation will still introduce a vestigial signal distortion contributed by the residual unmitigated chirp and the ANF operation itself, being not negligible for high accuracy solutions. This paper addresses the detailed analysis for assessing the effects of interference mitigation by notch filtering. A bias compensation strategy is proposed, wherein for each Pseudo Random Noise (PRN) the biases due to the parameter settings of the notch filter are estimated and compensated. The impact of using the ANF operation on chirp signals at the acquisition and tracking stages of GNSS receivers is analyzed. On the basis of the three proposed metrics, the effects can be quantitatively estimated to depict a complete picture of the most influential parameters of the chirp and the ANF configurations, as well as the optimal achievable performance at the acquisition and tracking stages.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2846141