Silica-epoxy nanocomposites were prepared via an “in-situ ”sol-gel synthesis process and a phosphorus (P) flame-retardant i.e. 6H-dibenz[c,e][1,2]oxaphosphorin,6-[(1-oxido-2,6,7-trioxa-1-phosphabicyclo[2.2.2]oct- 4-yl)methoxy]-, 6-oxide (DP) and melamine (Mel) were further added to the matrix to improve its fire perfor- mance. The main components of epoxy resin were bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (DGEBA) and isophorone diamine (IPDA) hardener. The addition of DP as well as silica alone into the epoxy system stopped the melt dripping phe- nomena in the vertical fire test (UL 94), however, the addition of melamine was crucial for achieving the highest fire classification (UL 94-V0 rating). The presence of DP and Mel in the silica-epoxy nanocomposite promoted a large reduction (ranging from 53% up to 80%) in the heat release rate (HRR) and a delay (up to 31%) in the igni- tion time in the cone calorimetry experiments. Improved fire performance of the epoxy system was attributed to i) a condensed phase activity of silica, DP and melamine to form a protective thermal barrier during combustion and ii) a minor gas phase flame inhibition activity of DOPO component of DP. The mechanical characterization of the epoxy nanocomposites through tensile tests showed that the addition of DP increases the stiffness of the epoxy resin, resulting in a strong increase of Young modulus (up to 32%) and in a slight decrease of fracture strength, elongation at break and toughness. An increased glass transition temperature (up to 8%) of the epoxy system possibly due to hydrogen bonds and polar interactions of DP with the matrix was also observed.
Improving flame retardancy of in-situ silica-epoxy nanocomposites cured with aliphatic hardener: Combined effect of DOPO-based flame-retardant and melamine / Bifulco, Aurelio; Parida, Dambarudhar; Salmeia, Khalifah A.; Lehner, Sandro; Stämpfli, Rolf; Markus, Hilber; Malucelli, Giulio; Branda, Francesco; Gaan, Sabyasachi. - In: COMPOSITES. PART C, OPEN ACCESS. - ISSN 2666-6820. - ELETTRONICO. - 2:100022(2020).
|Titolo:||Improving flame retardancy of in-situ silica-epoxy nanocomposites cured with aliphatic hardener: Combined effect of DOPO-based flame-retardant and melamine|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomc.2020.100022|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|