It is well known that sudden variations of air temperature have the potential to cause severe impacts on human health. Therefore, it becomes necessary to provide information capable of quantifying the severity of the problem, considering that the continuous increase of temperature due to global warming and urban development will cause more intense effects in heavily populated areas. Due to its geographical location and local characteristics, Ecuador, a country located on the western coast of South America, is characterized by a high vulnerability to climatic extremes. The present research develops an evaluation of urban climate change effects through the analysis of extreme temperature indices using four meteorological stations situated in the city of Guayaquil (southwest Ecuador). Since the available data are not adequate for extreme temperature indices criteria, it was necessary to employ an infilling method for times series in an innovative way that can be applicable at the small scale. Thus, a cross-correlation-enhanced inverse distance weighting (CC-IDW) method was proposed. The method entails a spatial interpolation based on data of urban stations situated outside of Guayaquil by taking into account cross-correlation among times series at precise lags that leads to an improvement in the way of estimating the missing values. Subsequently, a homogeneity test, data quality control and the calculation of extreme temperature indices chosen from those proposed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) were implemented. The results show that there is a general tendency of warming with quite homogenous temperatures for all considered stations. However, it should be recognized that the climate pattern of this region is strongly modulated by the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle. Only for two extreme indices: the highest maximum temperature (TXx) and the warm days (TX90p), are the resulting trend co-efficients statistically significant. The study suggests a deteriorated climatic condition due to heat stress that warrants further study using the available database for the city of Guayaquil.
Time-lagged inversedistance weighting for air temperature analysis in an equatorial urban area (Guayaquil, Ecuador) / Quagliolo, Carlotta; Pezzoli, Alessandro; Ignaccolo, Rosaria; Davila José Luis, Santos. - In: METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 1469-8080. - ELETTRONICO. - 27:e1938(2020), pp. 1-16.
|Titolo:||Time-lagged inversedistance weighting for air temperature analysis in an equatorial urban area (Guayaquil, Ecuador)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/met.1938|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|