Theoretical investigations of carrier transport in type-II superlattice detectors have been mostly limited to simplified semiclassical treatments, due to the computational challenges posed by quantum kinetic approaches. For example, interband tunneling in broken-gap configurations calls for a multiband description of the electronic structure, and spatially indirect optical transitions in superlattice absorbers require fully nonlocal carrier-photon self-energies. Moreover, a large number of iterations is needed to achieve self-consistency between Green’s functions and self-energies in the presence of strongly localized states not directly accessible from the contacts. We demonstrate an accurate, yet computationally feasible nonequilibrium Green’s function model of superlattice detectors by formulating the kinetic equations in terms of problem-matched maximally localized basis functions, numerically generated from few modes representing the main conductive channels of the nanostructure. The contribution of all the remaining modes is folded in an additional self-energy to ensure current conservation. Inspection of spatially and energetically resolved single particle properties offers insight into the complex nature of carrier transport in type-II superlattice detectors, and the connection to semiclassical approaches enables the interpretation of mobility experiments.
Nonequilibrium Green’s Function Modeling of type-II Superlattice Detectors and its Connection to Semiclassical Approaches / Bertazzi, Francesco; Tibaldi, Alberto; Goano, Michele; Montoya, Jesus Alberto Gonzalez; Bellotti, Enrico. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW APPLIED. - ISSN 2331-7019. - STAMPA. - 14:1(2020), p. 014083. [10.1103/PhysRevApplied.14.014083]
|Titolo:||Nonequilibrium Green’s Function Modeling of type-II Superlattice Detectors and its Connection to Semiclassical Approaches|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.14.014083|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|