Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems have become an important tool in the assessment of breast tumors with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). CAD systems can be used for the detection and diagnosis of breast tumors as a “second opinion” review complementing the radiologist’s review. CAD systems have many common parts such as image pre-processing, tumor feature extraction and data classification that are mostly based on machine learning (ML) techniques. In this review paper, we describe the application of ML-based CAD systems in MRI of the breast covering the detection of diagnostically challenging lesions such as non-mass enhancing (NME) lesions, multiparametric MRI, neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and radiomics all applied to NME. Since ML has been widely used in the medical imaging community, we provide an overview about the state-ofthe-art and novel techniques applied as classifiers to CAD systems. The differences in the CAD systems in MRI of the breast for several standard and novel applications for NME are explained in detail to provide important examples illustrating: (i) CAD for the detection and diagnosis, (ii) CAD in multi-parametric imaging (iii) CAD in NAC and (iv) breast cancer radiomics. We aim to provide a comparison between these CAD applications and to illustrate a global view on intelligent CAD systems based on ANN in MRI of the breast.
AI-enhanced diagnosis of challenging lesions in breast MRI: a methodology and application primer / Meyer-Base, Anke; Morra, Lia; Lobbes, Marc; Meyer-Base, Uwe; Pinker, Katja. - In: JOURNAL OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING. - ISSN 1053-1807. - STAMPA. - (2020). [10.1002/jmri.27332]
|Titolo:||AI-enhanced diagnosis of challenging lesions in breast MRI: a methodology and application primer|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmri.27332|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|