The design and optimization of new-generation solid-state quantum hardware absolutely requires reliable dissipation versus decoherence models. Depending on the device operational condition, the latter may range from Markov-type schemes (both phenomenological- and microscopiclike) to quantum-kinetic approaches. The primary goal of this paper is to review in a cohesive way virtues versus limitations of the most popular approaches, focussing on a few critical issues recently pointed out (see, e.g., Phys. Rev. B 90, 125140 (2014); Eur. Phys. J. B 90, 250 (2017)) and linking them within a common framework. By means of properly designed simulated experiments of a prototypical quantum-dot nanostructure (described via a two-level electronic system coupled to a phonon bath), we shall show that both conventional (i.e., non-Lindblad) Markov models and density-matrix-based non-Markov approaches (i.e., quantum-kinetic treatments) may lead to significant positivity violations. While for the former case the problem is easily avoidable by choosing genuine Lindblad-type dissipation models, for the latter, a general strategy is still missing.
Energy Dissipation and Decoherence in Solid-State Quantum Devices: Markovian versus non-Markovian Treatments / Iotti, Rita Claudia; Rossi, Fausto. - In: ENTROPY. - ISSN 1099-4300. - ELETTRONICO. - 22:4(2020), p. 489. [10.3390/e22040489]
|Titolo:||Energy Dissipation and Decoherence in Solid-State Quantum Devices: Markovian versus non-Markovian Treatments|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/e22040489|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|