Before about 500 million years ago, most probably our planet experienced temporary snowball conditions, with continental and sea ices covering a large fraction of its surface. This points to a potential bistability of Earth's climate that can have at least two different (statistical) equilibrium states for the same external forcing (i.e. solar radiation). Here, we explore the probability of finding bistable climates in Earth-like exoplanets and consider the properties of planetary climates obtained by varying the semimajor orbital axis (thus, received stellar radiation), eccentricity and obliquity, and atmospheric pressure. To this goal, we use the Earth-like planet surface temperature model (ESTM), an extension of one-dimensional Energy Balance Models developed to provide a numerically efficient climate estimator for parameter sensitivity studies and long climatic simulations. After verifying that the ESTM is able to reproduce Earth climate bistability, we identify the range of parameter space where climate bistability is detected. An intriguing result of this work is that the planetary conditions that support climate bistability are remarkably similar to those required for the sustenance of complex, multicellular life on the planetary surface. The interpretation of this result deserves further investigation, given its relevance for the potential distribution of life in exoplanetary systems.
Climate bistability of Earth-like exoplanets / Murante, Giuseppe; Provenzale, Antonello; Vladilo, Giovanni; Taffoni, Giuliano; Silva, Laura; Palazzi, Elisa; von Hardenberg, Jost; Maris, Michele; Londero, Elisa; Knapic, Cristina; Zorba, Sonia. - In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0035-8711. - 492:2(2020), pp. 2638-2650.
|Titolo:||Climate bistability of Earth-like exoplanets|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz3529|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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