The semi-enclosed Mediterranean basin, surrounded by high mountains, is placed in a favorable location for cyclonic storms development. Most of these are extratropical cyclones of baroclinic and orographic origin, but occasionally, some low pressure systems may develop to assume features characteristic of tropical cyclones. Medicanes (MEDIterranean hurriCANES) are infrequent and small-sized tropical-like cyclones. They originate and develop over sea, and are associated with strong winds and heavy precipitations. Proper definitions and classifications for Medicanes are still partially lacking, and systematic climatic studies have appeared only in recent years. In this work, we provide climatologies of Medicanes in the Western Mediterranean basin based on multidecadal runs performed with the Weather Research and Forecasting regional model with different resolutions and setups. The detection of Medicanes is based on a cyclone tracking algorithm and on the methodology of Hart cyclone phase space diagrams. We compare the statistics of Medicanes in the historical period 1979-1998 between runs at a resolution of 11 km with different convective parameterizations and microphysics schemes and one run at a resolution of 4 km with explicitly resolved convection. We show how different convective parameterization schemes lead to different statistics of Medicanes, while the use of different microphysical schemes impacts the length of the cyclone trajectories.
A Climatological Study of Western Mediterranean Medicanes in Numerical Simulations with Explicit and Parameterized Convection / Ragone, Francesco; Mariotti, Monica; Parodi, Antonio; von Hardenberg, Jost; Pasquero, Claudia. - In: ATMOSPHERE. - ISSN 2073-4433. - 9:10(2018).
|Titolo:||A Climatological Study of Western Mediterranean Medicanes in Numerical Simulations with Explicit and Parameterized Convection|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/atmos9100397|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|