Biocomposites based on poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and biochar (BC) particles derived from spent ground coffee were prepared using two different processing routes, namely melt mixing and solvent casting. The formulated biocomposites were characterized through rheological, thermal, and mechanical analyses, aiming at evaluating the effects of the filler content and of the processing method on their final properties. The rheological characterization demonstrated the effectiveness of both exploited strategies in achieving a good level of filler dispersion within the matrix, notwithstanding the occurrence of a remarkable decrease of the PLA molar mass during the processing at high temperature. Nevertheless, significant alterations of the PLA rheological behavior were observed in the composites obtained by melt mixing. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements indicated a remarkable influence of the processing method on the thermal behavior of biocomposites. More specifically, melt mixing caused the appearance of two melting peaks, though the structure of the materials remained almost amorphous; conversely, a significant increase of the crystalline phase content was observed for solvent cast biocomposites containing low amounts of filler that acted as nucleating agents. Finally, thermogravimetric analyses suggested a catalytic effect of BC particles on the degradation of PLA; its biocomposites showed decreased thermal stability as compared with the neat PLA matrix.
Poly(lactic Acid)–Biochar biocomposites: effect of processing and filler content on rheological, thermal, and mechanical properties / ARRIGO, ROSSELLA; BARTOLI, MATTIA; MALUCELLI, GIULIO. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:892(2020).
|Titolo:||Poly(lactic Acid)–Biochar biocomposites: effect of processing and filler content on rheological, thermal, and mechanical properties|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym12040892|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|