Cosmic background radiation has been observed to deviate from the Planck law expected from a blackbody at ∼2.7 K at frequencies below ∼3 GHz. We discuss the abundance of the low-energy photons from the perspective of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. We propose a mechanism of stochastic frequency diffusion, the counterpart to stochastic acceleration for charged particles in a turbulent plasma, to modify the standard Kompaneets equation. The resulting violation of the Einstein relation allows us to take advantage of low-frequency localization and ﬁnally leads to photon cooling. The modiﬁed equation predicts a frequency distribution in agreement with the absolute temperature measurements of the cosmic background radiation down to about 20 MHz, for which we offer an updated compilation. In that sense, the so-called space roar we observe today is interpreted as a nonequilibrium echo of the early universe and more speciﬁcally of nonequilibrium conditions in the primordial plasma
Possible nonequilibrium imprint in the cosmic background at low frequencies / Baiesi, Marco; Burigana, Carlo; Conti, Livia; Falasco, Gianmaria; Maes, Christian; Rondoni, Lamberto; Trombetti, Tiziana. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH. - ISSN 2643-1564. - ELETTRONICO. - 2:1(2020), pp. 013210-1-013210-15.
|Titolo:||Possible nonequilibrium imprint in the cosmic background at low frequencies|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.013210|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|