Based upon dynamical systems theory, a fixed point of a vector field such as the wall shear stress (WSS) at the luminal surface of a vessel is a point where the vector field vanishes. Unstable/stable manifolds identify contraction/expansion regions linking fixed points. The significance of such WSS topological features lies in their strong link with “disturbed” flow features like flow stagnation, separation and reversal, deemed responsible for vascular dysfunction initiation and progression. Here, we present a Eulerian method to analyze WSS topological skeleton through the identification and classification of WSS fixed points and manifolds in complex vascular geometries. The method rests on the volume contraction theory and analyzes the WSS topological skeleton through the WSS vector field divergence and Poincare´ index. The method is here applied to computational hemodynamics models of carotid bifurcation and intracranial aneurysm. An in-depth analysis of the time dependence of the WSS topological skeleton along the cardiac cycle is provided, enriching the information obtained from cycle-average WSS. Among the main findings, it emerges that on the carotid bifurcation, instantaneous WSS fixed points co-localize with cycle-average WSS fixed points for a fraction of the cardiac cycle ranging from 0 to 14.5 % ; a persistent instantaneous WSS fixed point confined on the aneurysm dome does not co-localize with the cycle-average low-WSS region. In conclusion, the here presented approach shows the potential to speed up studies on the physiological significance of WSS topological skeleton in cardiovascular flows, ultimately increasing the chance of finding mechanistic explanations to clinical observations.

A Eulerian method to analyze wall shear stress fixed points and manifolds in cardiovascular flows / Mazzi, V.; Gallo, D.; Calo, K.; Najafi, M.; Khan, M. O.; De Nisco, G.; Steinman, D. A.; Morbiducci, U.. - In: BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1617-7959. - STAMPA. - 19:(2020), pp. 1403-1423. [10.1007/s10237-019-01278-3]

A Eulerian method to analyze wall shear stress fixed points and manifolds in cardiovascular flows

Mazzi V.;Gallo D.;Calo K.;De Nisco G.;Morbiducci U.
2020

Abstract

Based upon dynamical systems theory, a fixed point of a vector field such as the wall shear stress (WSS) at the luminal surface of a vessel is a point where the vector field vanishes. Unstable/stable manifolds identify contraction/expansion regions linking fixed points. The significance of such WSS topological features lies in their strong link with “disturbed” flow features like flow stagnation, separation and reversal, deemed responsible for vascular dysfunction initiation and progression. Here, we present a Eulerian method to analyze WSS topological skeleton through the identification and classification of WSS fixed points and manifolds in complex vascular geometries. The method rests on the volume contraction theory and analyzes the WSS topological skeleton through the WSS vector field divergence and Poincare´ index. The method is here applied to computational hemodynamics models of carotid bifurcation and intracranial aneurysm. An in-depth analysis of the time dependence of the WSS topological skeleton along the cardiac cycle is provided, enriching the information obtained from cycle-average WSS. Among the main findings, it emerges that on the carotid bifurcation, instantaneous WSS fixed points co-localize with cycle-average WSS fixed points for a fraction of the cardiac cycle ranging from 0 to 14.5 % ; a persistent instantaneous WSS fixed point confined on the aneurysm dome does not co-localize with the cycle-average low-WSS region. In conclusion, the here presented approach shows the potential to speed up studies on the physiological significance of WSS topological skeleton in cardiovascular flows, ultimately increasing the chance of finding mechanistic explanations to clinical observations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2798875