It is well established that muscle percussion may lead to the excitation of muscle fibres. It is still debated, however, whether the excitation arises directly at the percussion site or reflexively, at the end plates. Here we sampled surface electromyograms (EMGs) from multiple locations along human vastus medialis fibres to address this issue. In five healthy subjects, contractions were elicited by percussing the distal fibre endings at different intensities (5-50 N), and the patellar tendon. EMGs were detected with two 32-electrode arrays, positioned longitudinally and transversally to the percussed fibres, to detect the origin and the propagation of action potentials and their spatial distribution across vastus medialis. During muscle percussion, compound action potentials were first observed at the electrode closest to the tapping site with latency smaller than 5 ms, and spatial extension confined to the percussed strip. Conversely, during tendon tap (and voluntary contractions), action potentials were first detected by electrodes closest to end plates and at a greater latency (mean ± s.d., 28.2 ± 1.7 ms, p < 0.001). No evidence of reflex responses to muscle tap was observed. Multi-electrode surface EMGs allowed for the first time to unequivocally and quantitatively describe the non-reflex nature of the response evoked by a muscle tap.
|Titolo:||The peripheral origin of tap-induced muscle contraction revealed by multi-electrode surface electromyography in human vastus medialis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-59122-z|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|