Human tissue in vitro models on-chip are highly desirable to dissect the complexity of a physio-pathological in vivo response because of their advantages compared to traditional static culture systems in terms of high control of microenvironmental conditions, including accurate perturbations and high temporal resolution analyses of medium outflow. Human adipose tissue (hAT) is a key player in metabolic disorders, such as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). It is involved in the overall energy homeostasis not only as passive energy storage but also as an important metabolic regulator. Here, we aim at developing a large scale microfluidic platform for generating high temporal resolution of glucose uptake profiles, and consequently insulin sensitivity, under physio-pathological stimulations in ex vivo adipose tissues from nondiabetic and T2DM individuals. A multiscale mathematical model that integrates fluid dynamics and an intracellular insulin signaling pathway description was used for assisting microfluidic design in order to maximize measurement accuracy of tissue metabolic activity in response to perturbations. An automated microfluidic injection system was included on-chip for performing precise dynamic biochemical stimulations. The temporal evolution of culture conditions could be monitored for days, before and after perturbation, measuring glucose concentration in the outflow with high temporal resolution. As a proof of concept for detection of insulin resistance, we measured insulin-dependent glucose uptake by hAT from nondiabetic and T2DM subjects, mimicking the postprandial response. The system presented thus represents an important tool in dissecting the role of single tissues, such as hAT, in the complex interwoven picture of metabolic diseases.
|Titolo:||High Temporal Resolution Detection of Patient-Specific Glucose Uptake from Human ex Vivo Adipose Tissue On-Chip|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac504730r|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|