Hydrothermal liquefaction of lignin-rich stream from lignocellulosic ethanol production at an industrial scale was carried out in a custom-made batch test bench. Light and heavy fractions of the HTL biocrude were collected following an ad-hoc developed two-steps solvent extraction method. A full factorial design of experiment was performed, investigating the influence of temperature, time and biomass-to-water mass ratio (B/W) on product yields, biocrude elemental composition, molecular weight and carbon balance. Total biocrude yields ranged from 39.8% to 65.7% w/w. The Temperature was the main influencing parameter as regards the distribution between the light and heavy fractions of the produced biocrude: the highest amount of heavy biocrude was recovered at 300 ◦ C, while at 350 and 370 ◦ C the yield of the light fraction increased, reaching 41.7% w/w at 370 ◦ C. Instead, the B/W ratio did not have a significant effect on light and heavy biocrude yields. Feedstock carbon content was mainly recovered in the biocrude (up to 77.6% w/w). The distribution between the light and heavy fractions followed the same trend as the yields. The typical aromatic structure of the lignin-rich stream was also observed in the biocrudes, indicating that mainly hydrolysis depolymerization occurred. The weight-average molecular weight of the total biocrude was strictly related to the process temperature, decreasing from 1146 at 300 ◦ C to 565 g mol − 1 at 370 ◦ C
Lignocellulosic ethanol biorefinery: Valorization of lignin-rich stream through hydrothermal liquefaction / Miliotti, Edoardo; Dell'Orco, Stefano; Lotti, Giulia; Rizzo, Andrea Maria; Rosi, Luca; Chiaramonti, David. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - STAMPA. - 12(2019), pp. 1-27.
|Titolo:||Lignocellulosic ethanol biorefinery: Valorization of lignin-rich stream through hydrothermal liquefaction|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en12040723|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|