The problem of efficiently reconstructing tomographic images can be mapped into a Bayesian inference problem over the space of pixels densities. Solutions to this problem are given by pixels assignments that are compatible with tomographic measurements and maximize a posterior probability density. This maximization can be performed with standard local optimization tools when the log-posterior is a convex function, but it is generally intractable when introducing realistic nonconcave priors that reflect typical images features such as smoothness or sharpness. We introduce a new method to reconstruct images obtained from Radon projections by using expectation propagation, which allows us to approximate the intractable posterior. We show, by means of extensive simulations, that, compared to state-of-the-art algorithms for this task, expectation propagation paired with very simple but non-log-concave priors is often able to reconstruct images up to a smaller error while using a lower amount of information per pixel. We provide estimates for the critical rate of information per pixel above which recovery is error-free by means of simulations on ensembles of phantom and real images.
Nonconvex image reconstruction via expectation propagation / Paola Muntoni, Anna; Díaz Hernández Rojas, Rafael; Braunstein, Alfredo; Pagnani, Andrea; Pérez Castillo, Isaac. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW. E. - ISSN 2470-0053. - ELETTRONICO. - 100(2019), p. 032134.
|Titolo:||Nonconvex image reconstruction via expectation propagation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|