Wicking, defined as absorption and passive spreading of liquid into a porous medium, has been identified as a key mechanism to enhance the heat transfer and prevent the thermal crisis. Reducing the evaporation time and increasing the Leidenfrost point (LFP) are important for an efficient and safe design of thermal management applications, such as electronics, nuclear, and aeronautics industry. Here, we report the effect of the wicking of superhydrophilic nanowires (NWs) on the droplet vaporization from low temperatures to temperatures above the Leidenfrost transition. By tuning the wicking capability of the surface, we show that the most wickable NW results in the fastest evaporation time (reduction of 82, 76, and 68% compared with a bare surface at, respectively, 51, 69, and 92 °C) and in one of the highest shifts of the LFP of a water droplet (5 μL) in the literature (about 260 °C).
|Titolo:||Can Wicking Control Droplet Cooling?|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b00548|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|