We report on the first femtoscopic measurement of baryon pairs, such as p-p, p-Lambda, and Lambda-Lambda, measured by ALICE at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in proton-proton collisions at root s = 7 TeV. This study demonstrates the feasibility of such measurements in pp collisions at ultrarelativistic energies. The femtoscopy method is employed to constrain the hyperon-nucleon and hyperon-hyperon interactions, which are still rather poorly understood. A new method to evaluate the influence of residual correlations induced by the decays of resonances and experimental impurities is hereby presented. The p-p, p-Lambda, and Lambda-Lambda correlation functions were fitted simultaneously with the help of a new tool developed specifically for the femtoscopy analysis in small colliding systems: Correlation Analysis Tool using the Schrodinger equation (CATS). Within the assumption that in pp collisions the three particle pairs originate from a common source, its radius is found to be equal to r(0) = 1.125 +/- 0.018 (stat)(-0.035)(+0.058) (syst) fm. The sensitivity of the measured p-Lambda correlation is tested against different scattering parameters, which are defined by the interaction among the two particles, but the statistics is not sufficient yet to discriminate among different models. The measurement of the Lambda-Lambda correlation function constrains the phase space spanned by the effective range and scattering length of the strong interaction. Discrepancies between the measured scattering parameters and the resulting correlation functions at LHC and RHIC energies are discussed in the context of various models.
|Titolo:||p-p, p-Lambda, and Lambda-Lambda correlations studied via femtoscopy in pp reactions at root s=7 TeV|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevC.99.024001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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