Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neural disorder gradually leading to paralysis of the whole body. Alterations in superoxide dismutase SOD1 gene have been linked with several variants of familial ALS. Here, we investigated a transgenic (Tg) cloned swine model expressing the human pathological hSOD1G93A allele. As in patients, these Tg pigs transmitted the disease to the progeny with an autosomal dominant trait and showed ALS onset from about 27 months of age. Post mortem analysis revealed motor neuron (MN) degeneration, gliosis and hSOD1 protein aggregates in brainstem and spinal cord. Severe skeletal muscle pathology including necrosis and inflammation was observed at the end stage, as well. Remarkably, as in human patients, these Tg pigs showed a quite long presymptomatic phase in which gradually increasing amounts of TDP-43 were detected in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Thus, this transgenic swine model opens the unique opportunity to investigate ALS biomarkers even before disease onset other than testing novel drugs and possible medical devices.
Motor neuron degeneration, severe myopathy and TDP-43 increase in a transgenic pig model of SOD1-linked familiar ALS / Crociara, Paola; Chieppa, Maria Novella; Vallino Costassa, Elena; Berrone, Elena; Gallo, Marina; Lo Faro, Monica; Pintore, Maria Domenica; Iulini, Barbara; D'Angelo, Antonio; Perona, Giovanni; Botter, Alberto; Formicola, Donato; Rainoldi, Alberto; Paulis, Marianna; Vezzoni, Paolo; Meli, Federica; Peverali, Fiorenzo Antonio; Bendotti, Caterina; Trolese, Maria Chiara; Pasetto, Laura; Bonetto, Valentina; Lazzari, Giovanna; Duchi, Roberto; Perota, Andrea; Lagutina, Irina; Quadalti, Corinne; Gennero, Maria Silvia; Dezzutto, Daniela; Desiato, Rosanna; Boido, Marina; Ghibaudi, Matilde; Valentini, Maria Consuelo; Caramelli, Maria; Galli, Cesare; Casalone, Cristina; Corona, Cristiano. - In: NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE. - ISSN 0969-9961. - STAMPA. - 124(2019), pp. 263-275.
|Titolo:||Motor neuron degeneration, severe myopathy and TDP-43 increase in a transgenic pig model of SOD1-linked familiar ALS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2018.11.021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|