We derive the complete mixing-demixing phase-diagram relevant to a bosonic binary mixture confined in a ring trimer and modeled within the Bose-Hubbard picture. The mixing properties of the two quantum fluids, which are shown to be strongly affected by the fragmented character of the confining potential, are evaluated by means of a specific indicator imported from Statistical Thermodynamics and are shown to depend only on two effective parameters incorporating the asymmetry between the heteronuclear species. To closely match realistic experimental conditions, our study is extended also beyond the pointlike approximation of potential wells by describing the systems in terms of two coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations. The resulting mean-field analysis confirms the rich scenario of mixing-demixing transitions of the mixture and also constitutes an effective springboard towards a viable experimental realization. We additionally propose an experimental realization based on a realistic optical-tweezers system and on the bosonic mixture 23 Na + 39 K, thanks to the large tunability of their intra- and inter-species scattering lengths.

The mixing-demixing phase diagram of ultracold heteronuclear mixtures in a ring trimer / Richaud, A; Zenesini, A; Penna, V. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - STAMPA. - 9:(2019). [10.1038/s41598-019-43365-6]

The mixing-demixing phase diagram of ultracold heteronuclear mixtures in a ring trimer

Richaud, A;Penna, V
2019

Abstract

We derive the complete mixing-demixing phase-diagram relevant to a bosonic binary mixture confined in a ring trimer and modeled within the Bose-Hubbard picture. The mixing properties of the two quantum fluids, which are shown to be strongly affected by the fragmented character of the confining potential, are evaluated by means of a specific indicator imported from Statistical Thermodynamics and are shown to depend only on two effective parameters incorporating the asymmetry between the heteronuclear species. To closely match realistic experimental conditions, our study is extended also beyond the pointlike approximation of potential wells by describing the systems in terms of two coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations. The resulting mean-field analysis confirms the rich scenario of mixing-demixing transitions of the mixture and also constitutes an effective springboard towards a viable experimental realization. We additionally propose an experimental realization based on a realistic optical-tweezers system and on the bosonic mixture 23 Na + 39 K, thanks to the large tunability of their intra- and inter-species scattering lengths.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2734392
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