A novel flame retardant polyamide 6 (PA6)/bridged 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO)-derivative (PHED) nanocomposite textile filament yarns were developed. The scalable production approach includes in situ water-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactam in the presence of the flame retardant PHED followed by melt-spinning of nanocomposite filament yarns and production of knitted fabrics. The specific chemical structure of the PHED additive enabled its excellent miscibility with molten ε-caprolactam and the uninterrupted polymerization of ε-caprolactam. The produced PA6/PHED nanocomposite was characterized by the preserved molecular structure of the polyamide 6 and uniformly distributed nano-dispersed FR at concentrations of 10 and 15 wt %. The PA6/PHED nanocomposite structure was successfully preserved after the melt-spinning processing. The PA6 nanocomposite filament yarns at the applied 15 wt %. loading of PHED showed (a) increased thermooxidative stability compared to neat PA6 up to 500°C, with a 43% higher residue at 500°C and (b) self-extinguishment of fiber strand and knitted samples within 1 s in standard vertical flame spread tests (ASTM D6413), followed by the significant reduction of the melt-dripping and the melt-drop flammability. Additionally, 1.2 mm-tick PA6/PHED bar samples achieved a V0 rating in UL94 vertical burning test at the applied 10 wt % concentration of PHED. This innovative and scalable approach could pave the way for the production of new-generation nanocomposite PA6 filament yarns with self-extinguishing properties at the macro-scale, which would be highly beneficial for increasing fire safety, whilst maintaining the use of a DOPO derivative at the minimum level.
|Titolo:||In situ prepared polyamide 6/DOPO-derivative nanocomposite for melt-spinning of flame retardant textile filaments|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2019.05.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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