Rivers and their hyporheic zones play an important role in nutrient cycling. The fate of dissolved inorganic nitrogen is governed by reactions that occur in the water column and streambed sediments. Sediments are heterogeneous both in term of physical (e.g., hydraulic conductivity) and chemical (e.g., organic carbon content) properties, which influence water residence times and biogeochemical reactions. Yet few modeling studies have explored the effects of both physical and chemical heterogeneity on nutrient transport in the hyporheic zone. In this study, we simulated hyporheic exchange in physically and chemically heterogeneous sediments with binary distributions of sand and silt in a low-gradient meandering river. We analyzed the impact of different silt/sand patterns on dissolved organic carbon, oxygen, nitrate, and ammonium. Our results show that streambeds with a higher volume proportion of silt exhibit lower hyporheic exchange rates but more efficient nitrate removal along flow paths compared to predominantly sandy streambeds. The implication is that hyporheic zones with a mixture of inorganic sands and organic silts have a high capacity to remove nitrate, despite their moderate permeabilities.
Modeling Influence of Sediment Heterogeneity on Nutrient Cycling in Streambeds / Pescimoro, Eugenio; Boano, Fulvio; Sawyer, Audrey H.; Soltanian, Mohamad Reza. - In: WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH. - ISSN 0043-1397. - ELETTRONICO. - 55(2019), pp. 1-14.
|Titolo:||Modeling Influence of Sediment Heterogeneity on Nutrient Cycling in Streambeds|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018WR024221|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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