Many studies highlight how health is influenced by the settings in which people live, work, and receive health care. In particular, the setting in which childbirth takes place is highly influential. The physiological processes of women’s labor and birth are enhanced in optimal (‘salutogenic’, or health promoting) environments. Settings can also make a difference in the way maternity staff practice. This paper focuses on how positive examples of Italian birth places incorporate principles of healthy settings. The ‘Margherita’ Birth Centre in Florence and the Maternity Home ‘Il Nido’ in Bologna were purposively selected as cases where the physical-environmental setting seemed to reflect an embedded model of care that promotes health in the context of childbirth. Narrative accounts of the project design were collected from lead professional and direct inspections performed to elicit the key salutogenic components of the physical layout. Comparisons between cases with a standard hospital labour ward layout were performed. Cross-case similarities emerged. The physical characteristics mostly related to optimal settings were a result of collaborative design decisions with stakeholders and users, and the resulting local intention to maximise safe physiological birth, psychosocial wellbeing, facilitate movement and relaxation, prioritize space for privacy, intimacy, and favour human contact and relationships. The key elements identified in this paper have the potential to inform further investigations for the design or renovation of all birth places (including hospitals) in order to optimize the salutogenic component of any setting in any country.
Optimal settings for chilbirth / Setola, Nicoletta; Iannuzzi, Laura; Santini, Marco; Cocina, Grazia G.; Naldi, Eletta; Branchini, Lucia; Morano, Sandra; Escuriet Peirò, Ramon; Downe, Soo. - In: MINERVA GINECOLOGICA. - ISSN 0026-4784. - STAMPA. - 70:6(2018), pp. 687-699.
|Titolo:||Optimal settings for chilbirth|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4784.18.04327-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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