Interfaces between sediments and water bodies often represent biochemical hotspots for nutrient reactions and are characterized by steep concentration gradients of different reactive solutes. Vertical profiles of these concentrations are routinely collected to obtain information on nutrient dynamics, and simple codes have been developed to analyze these profiles and determine the magnitude and distribution of reaction rates within sediments. However, existing publicly available codes do not consider the potential contribution of water flow in the sediments to nutrient transport, and their applications to field sites with significant water-borne nutrient fluxes may lead to large errors in the estimated reaction rates. To fill this gap, the present work presents GRADIENT, a novel algorithm to evaluate distributions of reaction rates from observed concentration profiles. GRADIENT is a Matlab code that extends a previously published framework to include the role of nutrient advection, and provides robust estimates of reaction rates in sediments with significant water flow. This work discusses the theoretical basis of the method and shows its performance by comparing the results to a series of synthetic data and to laboratory experiments. The results clearly show that in systems with losing or gaining fluxes, the inclusion of such fluxes is critical for estimating local and overall reaction rates in sediments.
Modeling chemical gradients in sediments under losing and gaining flow conditions: The GRADIENT code / Boano, Fulvio; De Falco, Natalie; Arnon, Shai. - In: ADVANCES IN WATER RESOURCES. - ISSN 0309-1708. - ELETTRONICO. - 112(2018), pp. 72-82.
|Titolo:||Modeling chemical gradients in sediments under losing and gaining flow conditions: The GRADIENT code|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2017.12.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|