In a fusion power demonstration plant (DEMO), the development of a tritium transport model is mandatory inorder to correctly predict the tritium concentration inside the liquid metal, the permeatedflux through thestructural materials and into the coolant, playing a fundamental role in guaranteeing tritium self-sufficiency inthe fusion reactor and safety both for the workers and for the external environment. In the present work, a multi-physics 3D tritium transport model has been assessed for a single breeder unit located in the outboard equatorialmodule of the Water-Cooled Lithium Lead (WCLL) breeding blanket of DEMO, adopting an approach that per-mits to have a modelling tool able to be adaptive within certain margins to changes in operating parameters andgeometry. The transport has been modelled considering advection-diffusion of tritium into the lead-lithiumeutectic alloy, transfer of tritium from the liquid interface towards the steel (adsorption/desorption), diffusion oftritium inside the steel, transfer of tritium from the steel towards the coolant (recombination/dissociation),advection-diffusion of diatomic tritium into the coolant. The effect of buoyancy forces, which arise due totemperature variation, has been also considered. Under the above-specified phenomena, tritium concentrations,inventories and losses have been derived.
Tritium transport model at breeder unit level for WCLL breeding blanket / Candido, Luigi; Testoni, Raffaella; Utili, Marco; Zucchetti, Massimo. - In: FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN. - ISSN 0920-3796. - STAMPA. - (2019).
|Titolo:||Tritium transport model at breeder unit level for WCLL breeding blanket|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2019.02.041|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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