Trace compound stability is crucial for real time gas analysis and for high efficiency energy generators, where part per billion concentrations have a high impact. In this context, the container type chosen for the gas analysis becomes important. Several types of containers, such as stainless-steel canisters, glass bulbs, gas tight syringes and sampling bags can be adopted for sampling and storing such samples. Sampling bags are cheap and easy to manage, for these reasons other solutions are rarely used. Literature studies have showed how nalophan™ bags represent the best choice for the collection of samples due to the extremely low cost, the good sample stability and the low background interaction. No studies have considered the biogas trace constituents, especially at an ultra-low concentration level. Most of the studies relating to trace compound detection, use a GC–MS instrument and focus on few compounds of interest. In this paper, one of the most rapid and reliable direct injection mass spectrometry techniques was used. PTR-QMS was adopted to investigate the real biogas mixture stability. The concentration losses were studied continuously during 24 h from the sampling. These losses may be related to the wall adsorption and/or through the wall diffusion phenomena. The most stable compounds detected were acetone, methanol and formaldehyde with a concentration loss below 5%. Terpenes and sulphur compounds had a concentration loss of around 50%, while hydrocarbons and aromatic compounds showed concentration losses around 60%. The stability of the compounds monitored with acceptable losses (below 5%), was achieved within the first 3 h after the sampling was carried out.

Direct injection mass spectrometry technique for the odorant losses at ppb(v) level from nalophan™ sampling bags / Papurello, Davide. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY. - ISSN 1387-3806. - ELETTRONICO. - 436:(2019), pp. 137-146. [10.1016/j.ijms.2018.12.008]

Direct injection mass spectrometry technique for the odorant losses at ppb(v) level from nalophan™ sampling bags

Papurello, Davide
2019

Abstract

Trace compound stability is crucial for real time gas analysis and for high efficiency energy generators, where part per billion concentrations have a high impact. In this context, the container type chosen for the gas analysis becomes important. Several types of containers, such as stainless-steel canisters, glass bulbs, gas tight syringes and sampling bags can be adopted for sampling and storing such samples. Sampling bags are cheap and easy to manage, for these reasons other solutions are rarely used. Literature studies have showed how nalophan™ bags represent the best choice for the collection of samples due to the extremely low cost, the good sample stability and the low background interaction. No studies have considered the biogas trace constituents, especially at an ultra-low concentration level. Most of the studies relating to trace compound detection, use a GC–MS instrument and focus on few compounds of interest. In this paper, one of the most rapid and reliable direct injection mass spectrometry techniques was used. PTR-QMS was adopted to investigate the real biogas mixture stability. The concentration losses were studied continuously during 24 h from the sampling. These losses may be related to the wall adsorption and/or through the wall diffusion phenomena. The most stable compounds detected were acetone, methanol and formaldehyde with a concentration loss below 5%. Terpenes and sulphur compounds had a concentration loss of around 50%, while hydrocarbons and aromatic compounds showed concentration losses around 60%. The stability of the compounds monitored with acceptable losses (below 5%), was achieved within the first 3 h after the sampling was carried out.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2728427
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