The purpose of our study was to compare the influence of five types of electrical nerve stimulation delivered through electrodes placed over the right biceps brachii on motor unit activity in the left biceps brachii during an ongoing steady isometric contraction. The electrical stimulation protocols comprised different combinations of pulse duration (0.2 and 1.0 ms), stimulus frequency (50 and 90 Hz), and stimulus current (greater or less than motor threshold). The electrical nerve stimulation protocols were applied over the muscle of the right elbow flexors of 13 participants (26 ± 3 yr) while they performed voluntary contractions with the left elbow flexors to match a target force set at 10% of maximum. All five types of electrical nerve stimulation increased the absolute amplitude of the electromyographic (EMG) signal recorded from the left biceps brachii with high-density electrodes. Moreover, one stimulation condition (1 ms, 90 Hz) had a consistent influence on the centroid location of the EMG amplitude distribution and the average force exerted by the left elbow flexors. Another stimulation condition (0.2 ms, 90 Hz) reduced the coefficient of variation for force during the voluntary contraction, and both low-frequency conditions (50 Hz) increased the duration of the mean interspike interval of motor unit action potentials after the stimulation had ended. The findings indicate that the contralateral effects of electrical nerve stimulation on the motor neuron pool innervating the homologous muscle can be influenced by both stimulus pulse duration and stimulus frequency. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Different types of electrical nerve stimulation delivered through electrodes placed over the right biceps brachii modulated the ongoing motor unit activity in the left biceps brachii. Although the effects varied with stimulus pulse duration, frequency, and current, all five types of electrical nerve stimulation increased the amplitude of the electromyographic activity in the left biceps brachii. Moreover, most of the effects in the left arm occurred after the electrical nerve stimulation of the right arm had been terminated.
|Titolo:||Electrical nerve stimulation modulates motor unit activity in contralateral biceps brachii during steady isometric contractions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1152/jn.00235.2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|