Synchronous reluctance machines are a highefficiency alternative to induction motors for variable-speed applications. To mitigate the well-known downside of their lower power factor, permanent-magnet-assisted topologies, in which either rare-earth or ferrite magnets are inserted into the rotor in suitable quantities, are often adopted. The design and optimization procedures for PM-assisted topologies have been thoroughly discussed in the related literature. This paper compares synchronous reluctance machines assisted with NdFeB and ferrite magnets, focusing on torque overload capability and feasibility of saliency-based position estimation algorithms. Three prototypes were realized and tested. They all have the stator of a commercial induction motor and the same customdesigned synchronous reluctance rotor laminations. Of the three prototypes, one is a pure synchronous reluctance motor, and the other two have NdFeB and ferrite magnets, respectively; both are designed to give the same torque at rated current. Results from simulations and experiments are presented comparing the transient overload capability of the three machines, in terms of torque capability and de-magnetization limit. A dynamic thermal model of the machines was developed within this scope. Moreover, the feasibility of saliency-based sensorless methods was investigated and is presented here for the three machines, both at high- and low-current loads. The results of the paper suggest that the ferrite-assisted solution is the best candidate for replacing induction motors in variable-speed applications, for its optimal tradeoff between performance and cost.
|Titolo:||Transient Overload Characteristics of PM-Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Machines, Including Sensorless Control Feasibility|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TIA.2019.2897969|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|