Silk fibroin may be chemically modified by grafting, with the purpose of improving its properties according to the desired function. In this study, silk fabrics from Bombyx mori silk fibres were grafted with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), as well as a binary mixture of HEMA and 4-hydroxybutyl acrylate (HBA). The samples were then electrospun from trifluoroacetic acid and treated with aqueous methanol. The% weight gains ascribable to HEMA and HBA were successfully determined through Raman spectroscopy. PolyHEMA made the fibres more hydrophilic and hindered crystallization into β-sheet only upon electrospinning and treatment with aqueous methanol; the presence of the HBA component in the grafting mixture did not further decrease the ability of silk fibroin to rearrange into β-sheet, due to its low contents (below 5%) under the used experimental conditions. Fibrillation partially occurred in the grafted fabrics; the electrospun samples maintained their nanostructured morphology. The surface of the substrates under investigation was compatible with cell attachment and growth, which were higher for the nanofibres. Cell adhesion and proliferation may be modulated by varying the surface chemistry and topography of the fabrics; grafting improved the surface properties of silk fibroin for enhanced functional performance in view of biomedical applications.
Silk fibres grafted with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and 4-hydroxybutyl acrylate (HBA) for biomedical applications / Taddei, Paola; Di Foggia, Michele; Martinotti, Simona; Ranzato, Elia; Carmagnola, Irene; Chiono, Valeria; Tsukada, Masuhiro. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES. - ISSN 0141-8130. - ELETTRONICO. - 107:PartA(2018), pp. 537-548. [10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.09.023]
|Titolo:||Silk fibres grafted with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and 4-hydroxybutyl acrylate (HBA) for biomedical applications|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.09.023|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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