Polyethylene glycol-based nanocomposites containing an organo-modified hydrotalcite with loadings ranging from 0.5 to 5 wt.% were prepared by melt mixing performed just above the melting point of the polymer matrix. In these conditions, the dispersion of the nanofiller within the polymer matrix was quite homogeneous as revealed by TEM analyses. The effect of various thermal treatments and filler loadings was thoroughly investigated by means of rheological, morphological and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, hyphenated to thermogravimetry analysis tests. Unfilled polyethylene glycol exhibited a continuous decrease in complex viscosity upon heating. In contrast, the complex viscosity of nanocomposites containing nanofiller loadings higher than 1 wt.% showed first a decrease, followed by an increase in the complex viscosity as the temperature increases, exhibiting a minimum between 130 and 140 ◦C. Annealing at 180 ◦C for different times further increased the viscosity of the system. This unusual behavior was explained by the occurrence of grafting reactions between the –OH terminal groups of the polyethylene glycol chains and the hydroxyl groups of the organo-modified filler, thus remarkably affecting the relaxation dynamics of the system.

Relaxation Dynamics in Polyethylene Glycol/Modified Hydrotalcite Nanocomposites / Arrigo, Rossella; Antonioli, Diego; Lazzari, Massimo; Gianotti, Valentina; Laus, Michele; Montanaro, Laura; Malucelli, Giulio. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:11(2018), pp. 1182-1191.

Relaxation Dynamics in Polyethylene Glycol/Modified Hydrotalcite Nanocomposites

Rossella Arrigo;Laura Montanaro;Giulio Malucelli
2018

Abstract

Polyethylene glycol-based nanocomposites containing an organo-modified hydrotalcite with loadings ranging from 0.5 to 5 wt.% were prepared by melt mixing performed just above the melting point of the polymer matrix. In these conditions, the dispersion of the nanofiller within the polymer matrix was quite homogeneous as revealed by TEM analyses. The effect of various thermal treatments and filler loadings was thoroughly investigated by means of rheological, morphological and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, hyphenated to thermogravimetry analysis tests. Unfilled polyethylene glycol exhibited a continuous decrease in complex viscosity upon heating. In contrast, the complex viscosity of nanocomposites containing nanofiller loadings higher than 1 wt.% showed first a decrease, followed by an increase in the complex viscosity as the temperature increases, exhibiting a minimum between 130 and 140 ◦C. Annealing at 180 ◦C for different times further increased the viscosity of the system. This unusual behavior was explained by the occurrence of grafting reactions between the –OH terminal groups of the polyethylene glycol chains and the hydroxyl groups of the organo-modified filler, thus remarkably affecting the relaxation dynamics of the system.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2715634
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