Plastic waste is a relevant challenge for waste management sector and further technological means have to be urgently researched. The evaluation of plastic waste quality through non-destructive, cost-effective and mature technologies could be without any doubt a key issue. This study is aimed at the assessment of Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for the generation of global degradation-prediction models able to forecast plastic ageing. The degradation of Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS), Polypropylene (PP) and Polyethylene (PE) was achieved by thermal ageing (at 85 C, 105 C and 120 C and durations ranging from 4 to 504 h), to simulate environmental outdoor conditions. Experimental data obtained for each plastic material were elaborated through partial least square (PLS) regression to obtain empirical models. For all inspected plastic materials, a good correspondence between the variation in absorbance units and the change in chemical bonds vibrations was observed. The PLS models were afterwards calibrated (taking into account the different ageing conditions; first separately then including the ageing factors combined). A high accuracy (R2 equal to 0.85–1.00) was observed in predicting ageing for PET and ABS, while the correspondence showed a 30% decrease for PE and PP. This study proves that NIR spectroscopy can be recommended as an effective tool to investigate plastics degradation, with some limitations for specific polymers that need further investigations.

Assessment of plastic waste materials degradation through near infrared spectroscopy / Alassali, Ayah; Fiore, Silvia; Kuchta, Kerstin. - In: WASTE MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0956-053X. - STAMPA. - 82:(2018), pp. 71-81. [10.1016/j.wasman.2018.10.010]

Assessment of plastic waste materials degradation through near infrared spectroscopy

Silvia Fiore;
2018

Abstract

Plastic waste is a relevant challenge for waste management sector and further technological means have to be urgently researched. The evaluation of plastic waste quality through non-destructive, cost-effective and mature technologies could be without any doubt a key issue. This study is aimed at the assessment of Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for the generation of global degradation-prediction models able to forecast plastic ageing. The degradation of Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS), Polypropylene (PP) and Polyethylene (PE) was achieved by thermal ageing (at 85 C, 105 C and 120 C and durations ranging from 4 to 504 h), to simulate environmental outdoor conditions. Experimental data obtained for each plastic material were elaborated through partial least square (PLS) regression to obtain empirical models. For all inspected plastic materials, a good correspondence between the variation in absorbance units and the change in chemical bonds vibrations was observed. The PLS models were afterwards calibrated (taking into account the different ageing conditions; first separately then including the ageing factors combined). A high accuracy (R2 equal to 0.85–1.00) was observed in predicting ageing for PET and ABS, while the correspondence showed a 30% decrease for PE and PP. This study proves that NIR spectroscopy can be recommended as an effective tool to investigate plastics degradation, with some limitations for specific polymers that need further investigations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2715588
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