e Blockchain technology can be defined as a distributed ledger database for recording transactions between parties verifiably and permanently. Blockchain emerged as a leading technology layer for financial applications. Nevertheless, in the past years, the attention of researchers and practitioners moved to the application of the Blockchain technologies to other domains. Recently, it represents the backbone of a new digital supply chain. Thanks to its capability of ensuring data immutability and public accessibility of data streams, Blockchain can increase the efficiency, reliability, and transparency of the overall supply chain, and optimize the inbound processes. The literature concerning Blockchain in non-financial applications mainly focused on the technological part and the Business Process Modeling, lacking in terms of standard methodology for designing a strategy to develop and validate the overall Blockchain solution and integrate it in the Business Strategy. Thus, this paper aims to overcome this lack. First, we integrate the current literature filling the lack concerning the digital strategy, creating a standard methodology to design Blockchain technology use cases, which are not related to finance applications. Second, we present the results of a use case in the fresh food delivery, showing the critical aspects of implementing a Blockchain solution. Moreover, the paper discusses how the Blockchain will help in reducing the logistics costs and in optimizing the operations and the research challenges.
Blockchain in Logistics and Supply Chain: a Lean approach for designing real-world use cases / Perboli, Guido; Musso, Stefano; Rosano, Mariangela. - In: IEEE ACCESS. - ISSN 2169-3536. - ELETTRONICO. - 6:1(2018), pp. 62018-62028. [10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2875782]
|Titolo:||Blockchain in Logistics and Supply Chain: a Lean approach for designing real-world use cases|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2875782|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|