In Nuclear Physics, the cross-section measurement of rare reactions requires very intense beams, which deposit large amount of heat inside the target. Sometimes, the target material chosen for a given reaction has poor thermal properties; therefore, the heat produced by the beam inside the target must be eciently dissipated. In the present work, the use of High Orientated Pyrolytic Graphite as a support for the target is proposed. Its high thermal conductivity allows to quickly transfer the heat to the cold sample holder. The case of the NUMEN project, which will use very intense ion beams on thin targets, is considered. The temperature distribution inside both the target and the graphite has been calculated for several materials. A numerical technique, based on a MATLAB code, was tested in some analytical cases and then used to evaluate the time and spatial distribution of the temperature in the system. The rst target prototypes have been produced and then characterized by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope analysis.
Study, fabrication and test of a special cooling system for targets submitted to intense ion beams / CAPIROSSI, VITTORIA; Calvo, D.; Delaunay, F.; Fisichella, M.; IAZZI, Felice; INTROZZI, RICCARDO; PINNA, FEDERICO. - In: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT. - ISSN 0168-9002. - 954(2020), p. 161122. [10.1016/j.nima.2018.08.081]
|Titolo:||Study, fabrication and test of a special cooling system for targets submitted to intense ion beams|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2018.08.081|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|