Controlling the location and the distribution of hot spots is a crucial aspect in the fabrication of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates for bio-analytical applications. The choice of a suitable method to tailor the dimensions and the position of plasmonic nanostructures becomes fundamental to provide SERS substrates with significant signal enhancement, homogeneity and reproducibility. In the present work, we studied the influence of the long-range ordering of different flexible gold-coated Si nanowires arrays on the SERS activity. The substrates are made by nanosphere lithography and metal-assisted chemical etching. The degree of order is quantitatively evaluated through the correlation length (ξ) as a function of the nanosphere spin-coating speed. Our findings showed a linear increase of the SERS signal for increasing values of ξ, coherently with a more ordered and dense distribution of hot spots on the surface. The substrate with the largest ξ of 1100 nm showed an enhancement factor of 2.6 · 103 and remarkable homogeneity over square-millimetres area. The variability of the signal across the substrate was also investigated by means of a 2D chemical imaging approach and a standard methodology for its practical calculation is proposed for a coherent comparison among the data reported in literature.
|Titolo:||Influence of the long-range ordering of gold-coated Si nanowires on SERS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-29641-x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|