Colloidal suspensions of nanoparticles (nanofluids) are materials of interest for thermal engineering, because their heat transfer properties are typically enhanced as compared to the base fluid one. Effective medium theory provides popular models for estimating the overall thermal conductivity of nanofluids based on their composition. In this article, the accuracy of models based on the Bruggeman approximation is assessed. The sensitivity of these models to nanoscale interfacial phenomena, such as interfacial thermal resistance (Kapitza resistance) and fluid ordering around nanoparticles (nanolayer), is considered for a case study consisting of alumina nanoparticles suspended in water. While no significant differences are noticed for various thermal conductivity profiles in the nanolayer, a good agreement with experiments is observed with Kapitza resistance ≈10−9 m2K/W and sub-nanometer nanolayer thickness. These results confirm the classical nature of thermal conduction in nanofluids and highlight that future studies should rather focus on a better quantification of Kapitza resistance at nanoparticle-fluid interfaces, in order to allow bottom up estimates of their effective thermal conductivity.
Effect of interfacial thermal resistance and nanolayer on estimates of effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids / Khodayari, Ali; Fasano, Matteo; Bozorg Bigdeli, Masoud; Mohammadnejad, Shahin; Chiavazzo, Eliodoro; Asinari, Pietro. - In: CASE STUDIES IN THERMAL ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2214-157X. - ELETTRONICO. - 12(2018), pp. 454-461. [10.1016/j.csite.2018.06.005]
|Titolo:||Effect of interfacial thermal resistance and nanolayer on estimates of effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2018.06.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|