The ENEA conductor for the EU DEMO Nb3Sn Toroidal Field (TF) magnets, cooled by supercritical He, features a rectangular cross section with two small pressure relief channels (“holes”), separated from the cable bundle by means of a flat spiral, twisted together with the last cabling stage. A well instrumented short sample of the ENEA TF conductor has been tested in SULTAN at SPC, Villigen (Switzerland) in 2016, aimed at its thermal-hydraulic characterization, and the test results are presented here. A correlation for the friction factor in the small holes is derived, best fitting the results of a set of computational- fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. The new correlation (combined with existing correlations for the He friction factor in the bundle region) is shown to allow a proper reproduction of the measured hydraulic characteristic of the conductor. The heat slug propagation tests are used to calibrate the hole-to-bundle heat transfer coefficient in the 4C thermal-hydraulic code and to estimate the characteristic length for the homogenization of the He temperature on the conductor cross section, following a localized thermal perturbation.
Thermal-hydraulic test and analysis of the ENEA TF conductor sample for the EU DEMO fusion reactor / Bonifetto, Roberto; Bruzzone, Pierluigi; Corato, Valentina; Muzzi, Luigi; Savoldi, Laura; Stepanov, Boris; Zanino, Roberto; Zappatore, Andrea. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY. - ISSN 1051-8223. - STAMPA. - 28:4(2018), p. 4205909.
|Titolo:||Thermal-hydraulic test and analysis of the ENEA TF conductor sample for the EU DEMO fusion reactor|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2018.2821367|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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