In Selective Laser Melting (SLM) layers of atomized powder are spread sequentially on a building platform and melted locally by a laser beam. The melt pool is quenched by the underlying material. SLM of AlSi10Mg alloys results in the development of microstructures consisting of supersaturated primary Al-rich phase surrounded by varied amounts of Al-Si eutectic. The origin of such microstructure is not fully understood. For insight into this issue, this work compares the results of processing AlS10Mgi alloys by SLM and by single-step rapid solidification techniques: Melt Spinning (MS) and Copper Mould Casting (CMC) achieving a range of cooling rates and microstructures which are analysed by means of microscopy, XRD and DSC. The results obtained in these experiments together with the literature available on rapidly solidified Al-Si alloys suggest a correlation among microstructures of the products made with the three techniques. Data on lattice parameter and enthalpy of Si precipitation from primary Al concur in indicating that Si supersaturation scales in the order SLM > CMC > MS. The type and size of microstructural features, i.e. cells, columns, fibrous and lamellar eutectic, reveal the role of solidification conditions (undercooling, recalescence) and precipitation in the solid state for all techniques. Dendrite growth modelling validates the solidification results.

A comparison of Selective Laser Melting with bulk rapid solidification of AlSi10Mg alloy / Marola, Silvia; Manfredi, Diego; Fiore, Gianluca; Poletti, Marco Gabriele; Lombardi, Mariangela; Fino, Paolo; Battezzati, Livio. - In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS. - ISSN 0925-8388. - ELETTRONICO. - 742:(2018), pp. 271-279. [10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.01.309]

A comparison of Selective Laser Melting with bulk rapid solidification of AlSi10Mg alloy

Manfredi, Diego;Lombardi, Mariangela;Fino, Paolo;
2018

Abstract

In Selective Laser Melting (SLM) layers of atomized powder are spread sequentially on a building platform and melted locally by a laser beam. The melt pool is quenched by the underlying material. SLM of AlSi10Mg alloys results in the development of microstructures consisting of supersaturated primary Al-rich phase surrounded by varied amounts of Al-Si eutectic. The origin of such microstructure is not fully understood. For insight into this issue, this work compares the results of processing AlS10Mgi alloys by SLM and by single-step rapid solidification techniques: Melt Spinning (MS) and Copper Mould Casting (CMC) achieving a range of cooling rates and microstructures which are analysed by means of microscopy, XRD and DSC. The results obtained in these experiments together with the literature available on rapidly solidified Al-Si alloys suggest a correlation among microstructures of the products made with the three techniques. Data on lattice parameter and enthalpy of Si precipitation from primary Al concur in indicating that Si supersaturation scales in the order SLM > CMC > MS. The type and size of microstructural features, i.e. cells, columns, fibrous and lamellar eutectic, reveal the role of solidification conditions (undercooling, recalescence) and precipitation in the solid state for all techniques. Dendrite growth modelling validates the solidification results.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2703673
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