The tool industry strongly demands more economical, high‐performance, healthy, and ecological Co‐free WC‐based composites. Nickel is considered the optimal substitute of Co in WC‐based cermets to attain nearly comparable, if not superior properties in terms of wear resistance and fracture toughness. The combination of WC‐Ni with spark plasma sintering (SPS) process may represent a key factor to enhance the properties of future WC‐Ni composites. This work aims at studying the early stage of liquid phase sintering of a WC‐Ni‐ alloy powder mixture made of coarse spheroidal WC (80 vol%) and Ni‐brazing alloy (20 vol%) particles during low pressure (16 MPa) pulsed SPS. Liquid phase phenomena were investigated both morphologically and analytically by energy dispersive X‐ray spectroscopy and X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results reveal that the interface reaction between the liquid Ni and WC particles causes the formation of an outer reaction shell within the WC particles, which is an Ni‐W solid solution. Most ofnecks originated between WC particles were favored by the presence of such reaction shell without any liquid interlayer. A relevant presence of graphitic carbon was observed over the surface of WC particles. The larger atomic W2C/WC ratio in the initial WC powder decreased in the compact after SPS owing to the stabilization reaction between W2C and carbon diffusing across the reaction shell.
Surface phenomena during the early stage of liquid phase SPS of a mixture of coarse WC and Ni‐alloy particles / Maizza, G; Montanari, R; Richetta, M; Varone, A; Kaciulis, S; Mezzi, A; Soltani, P. - In: SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS. - ISSN 1096-9918. - STAMPA. - X:Y(2018), pp. 1-5.
|Titolo:||Surface phenomena during the early stage of liquid phase SPS of a mixture of coarse WC and Ni‐alloy particles.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sia.6418|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto: