In the automotive sector, special attention is paid to the study of the behavior of the structural components that make the car bodies. The continuous demands on the weight saving imply the car bodies to be assembled with components made in different materials and using different manufacturing processes. Considering the making of the sacrificial structures aimed to the energy absorption, composite materials are increasingly used to replace conventional metal materials. However, the use of composites is accompanied with a change in the type of deformation obtained during the impact phenomenon. Usually, with the conventional metal materials, the crushing behavior is a progressive buckling whereas the composite materials are characterized by a brittle fracture. The combination of the traditional metal materials with the composite ones can represent a good solution to obtain high levels of performance. In this context, the structural performance of metal-composite hybrid tubes subjected to quasi-static axial crushing is experimentally evaluated in this work. The specimens, with circular cross section, were obtained with tubes made in a fully thermoplastic composite internally reinforced with aluminum tubes. The composite material used were made in polypropylene both for the matrix and for the reinforcing fibers. This material has a good axial absorption capacity but irregular behavior during crushing. The addition of a conventional material as reinforcement allowed to increase the absorption capacity by ensuring a more progressive and controlled crush. The analysis was carried out by evaluating, for various geometric configurations, different parameters (mean load, average stress, specific energy, efficiency). The results, discussed in the work, showed how the energy absorption performance of a hybrid structure are higher than the sum of the performance of the single materials.
|Titolo:||Axial crushing of metal-composite hybrid tubes: experimental analysis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.prostr.2017.12.012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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