Energy sustainability analysis and durability of Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) as energy source are necessary in order to move from the laboratory scale to full-scale application. This paper focus on these two aspects by considering the energy performances of an original experimental test with MFC conducted for six months under an external load of 1000 U. Energy sustainability is quantified using Energy Payback Time, the time necessary to produce the energy already spent to construct the MFC device. The results of experiment reveal that the energy sustainability of this specific MFC is never reached due to energy expenditure (i.e. for pumping) and to the low amount of energy produced. Hence, different MFC materials and architectures were analysed to find guidelines for future MFC development. Among these, only sedimentary fuel cells (Benthic MFCs) seem sustainable from an energetic point of view, with a minimum duration of 2.7 years. An energy balance approach highlights the importance of energy calculation. However, this is very often not taken into account in literature. This study outlines promising methodology for the design of an alternative layout of energy sustainable MFC and wastewater management systems.
Energy sustainability of Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC): A case study / Tommasi, Tonia; Lombardelli, Giorgia. - In: JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES. - ISSN 0378-7753. - STAMPA. - 356(2017), pp. 438-447.
|Titolo:||Energy sustainability of Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC): A case study|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.03.122|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|