The Electron Beam Melting (EBM) process is an additive manufacturing process in which an electron beam melts metallic powders to obtain the geometry of a specific part. The use of an electron beam in the AM field is relatively recent. Numerous applications have already been made in the aerospace and medical fields, in which the EBM process is used to produce complex parts, made of an excellent quality material, for which other technologies would be expensive or difficult to apply. Because of the growing interest of industry in this technology, the research community has been dedicating a great deal of effort to making the EBM process more reliable. The modelling of the EBM process is considered of utmost importance as it could help to reduce the process optimisation time, compared with the trial and error approach, which is currently the most widely used method. From this point of view, the aim of this paper has been to provide a literature review of numerical simulation models of the EBM process. The various studies on numerical modelling are presented in detail. These studies are mainly classified according to the level of approximation introduced into the modelling methodology. The simulations have first been categorised according to the powder modelling approach that has been adopted (i.e. mesoscopic or FE approach). The studies have then been categorised, as far as FE-based simulations are concerned, as either uncoupled or coupled modelling approaches. All the current approaches have been compared, and how the researchers have modelled the EBM process has been highlighted, considering the assumptions that have been made, the modelling of the material properties, the material state change, and the heat source. Moreover, the adopted validation approaches and the results have been described in order to point out any important achievements. Deviations between numerical and experimental results have been discussed as well as the current level of development of the simulation of the EBM process.
|Titolo:||A literature review of powder-based electron beam melting focusing on numerical simulations|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addma.2017.11.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|