Industrial networks have evolved from aggregations of a number of suppliers around a few final producers, towards more balanced organisations of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that within the European industrial system, today compose by more than 95% of all small-mid enterprises in the non-financial sector. The crucial character of a SME aggregation into a cluster is the existence of an effective collaboration among SMEs possibly supported by clear interactions (e.g. production flows and information), by a commonly recognised management objective and by well assessed connections with external markets. Based on these conditions, the paper first discusses a general conceptual model of a SME cluster, making evidence of the above-mentioned three basic characters of the cluster itself. Then, the conceptual model is used to formalise a SME cluster and its organisation in terms of amid-term cluster management optimisation problem. The model can help a cluster management and control unit in evaluating the cluster performance and the positive effects of an effective collaboration among SMEs. Based on the formal general model, a survey of typical SME clusters in some European countries is presented in order to compare the different types of SME aggregations and of their collaborative frames.
From Industrial Districts to SME Collaboration Frames / Villa, Agostino; Taurino, Teresa. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTION RESEARCH. - ISSN 1366-588X. - ELETTRONICO. - (2018).
|Titolo:||From Industrial Districts to SME Collaboration Frames|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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