Forest landscapes perform a wide range of functions, which are not merely environmental but also socioeconomic and cultural in nature, constituting valuable sources of Ecosystem Services (ES). In the countries of southwestern Europe, widespread fires, caused not only by climate change but also trends in land use (renaturalisation and urban sprawl, with an increase in the “forest-city” interface), jeopardise the provision of Forest Ecosystem Services (FES). Valuation and mapping of FES to better define forest fire risk and to increase awareness among institutions and stakeholders of the value of forest landscapes represent an important step towards establishing policies that are effective in preventing the risk of fires. This paper, which is the result of research conducted as part of the European project “Advanced Forest Fire Fighting” (AF3, Seventh Framework Programme), sets out a method for valuing and mapping FES in the Sardinia Region, which is particularly prone to the risk of forest fires. The method has been designed so that it can be applied if necessary by public administrators themselves, thus it does not entail the use of models but the application of both biophysical and economic GIS-based indicators. Economic valuation of FES, which refer to Total Economic Value (TEV) theory, has been based on different valuation methods, searching for an equilibrium between the reliability of valuation and its potential applicability by institutional actors. Moreover, geo-referencing these indicators has made it possible to draw up maps of forest values, important tools to support planning policies for forest landscapes. The paper reports the premises, structure, results and prospects of the method, applied to the forests of the Sardinia Region at both the regional and local scale. It concludes by focusing not only on the method’s potential for specific awareness-raising, but also the more general implications for spatial and landscape planning, management and design policies.
|Titolo:||La valutazione dei Servizi Ecosistemici Forestali per la pianificazione e il progetto del territorio e del paesaggio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|