The structure of a district heating network lends itself to interactions among the grounding system of the generating plant, and those of the users, with the possibility that hazardous- induced voltages may occur on the latter. Hazards are possible due to the bonding of the heating system pipes to customer’s ground- ing systems, as well as to possible high values of fault currents. These electrical safety issues due to grounding electrode inter- actions have been so far poorly treated in technical literature. District heating pipes are generally dielectrically separated in seg- ments by means of insulating joints. A deeper analysis of such joints shows that the hot water circulating in the pipes may bypass their insulation, rendering the effectiveness of the dielectric sepa- ration strongly dependent on the joint geometry, and on the water electrical conductivity. The authors propose possible schemes for the hot water pipe connections, and discuss their efficiency based upon the electrical configuration of the generation plant. An exper- imental verification procedure to assess the electrical safety of the district heating system is also proposed.
|Titolo:||District Heating Safety Issues: Interactions Between Grounding Systems and Thermal Installations|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TIA.2015.2511088|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|