The impact of catalyst particle distribution on gas dynamics, electro-chemistry and consequently the performance of polybenzimidazole-based HTPEMFC is explored. The main degradation mechanisms which shorten PEMFC durability are reviewed in details. This review shows that phosphoric acid loss and crossover of reagents highly depend on catalyst reactivity within active layer. We propose a strategy to mitigate these degradations by redistributing catalyst. The proposed optimal cathode catalyst layer (CL) configuration with regards to catalyst distribution effectively reduces gas dynamic stresses and productions of water and peroxide radicals at CL/membrane interface, hence expecting to enhance durability. At pore-scale, our morphological model of CL developed in Ref.  is improved and it is found that the proper catalyst redistribution significantly (in one order) reduces gas dynamic stresses. At macro-scale, we develop a 3-D model of MEA with cathode CL made of several sublayers with different catalyst loading. Adopted macroscopic model predicts stress reduction up to 69% using a feasible mitigation strategy, at the cost of only 9% efficiency reduction at high current densities. Finally, two possible experimental approaches of CL fabrication with given configuration are compared.
Pore- and macro-scale simulations of high temperature proton exchange fuel cells - HTPEMFC - and possible strategies for enhancing durability / Salomov, Uktam R.; Chiavazzo, Eliodoro; Fasano, Matteo; Asinari, Pietro. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY. - ISSN 0360-3199. - ELETTRONICO. - 42:43(2017), pp. 26730-26743.
|Titolo:||Pore- and macro-scale simulations of high temperature proton exchange fuel cells - HTPEMFC - and possible strategies for enhancing durability|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.09.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|