The interest towards microcapsules based on non-toxic, biodegradable and biocompatible polymers, such as proteins, is increasing considerably. In this work, microcapsules were prepared using water soluble keratin, known as keratoses, with the aim of encapsulating hydrophilic molecules. Keratoses were obtained via oxidizing extraction of pristine wool, previously degreased by Soxhlet. In order to better understand the shell part of microcapsules, pristine wool and obtained keratoses were investigated by FT-IR, gel-electrophoresis and HPLC. Production of the microcapsules was carried out by a sonication method. Thermal properties of microcapsules were investigated by DSC. Microencapsulation and dye encapsulation yields were obtained by UV-spectroscopy. Morphological structure of microcapsules was studied by light microscopy, SEM, and AFM. The molecular weights of proteins analyzed using gel-electrophoresis resulted in the range of 38–62 kDa. The results conﬁrmed that the hydrophilic dye (Telon Blue) was introduced inside the keratoses shells by sonication and the ﬁnal microcapsules diameter ranged from 0.5 to 4 µm. Light microscope investigation evidenced the presence of the dye inside the keratoses vesicles, conﬁrming their capability of encapsulating hydrophilic molecules. The microcapsule yield and dye encapsulation yield were found to be 28.87 ± 3% and 83.62 ± 5% respectively.
|Titolo:||Preparation of keratin-based microcapsules for encapsulation of hydrophilic molecules|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ultsonch.2017.07.039|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|