In the last 20 years, the Li-ion battery market has rapidly grown thanks to the extensive diffusion of mobile electronics devices. In order to lower the cost and reduce the environmental impact of batteries, efforts must be devoted to reduce the amount of inactive components in the cell, to substitute synthetic polymer binders/separators and organic solvents with low-cost and biosourced materials and to develop new eco-friendly processes for the manufacture of cell components (both electrodes and electrolyte). Natural nanoscale-microfibrillated cellulose (NMFC) fibers are readily available; they show stiffness, impressive mechanical robustness, low weight and, furthermore, their preparation process is easy and does not involve chemical reactions. Here we review the use of paper-making technique for manufacturing: - Bio-inspired all-paper Li-ion polymer cells, constituted by NMFC-binded paper-electrodes, and NMFC reinforced polymer electrolytes. The use of NMFC as filler/binder leads to produce high performing, safe and extremely flexible electrolytes for LiBs. No organic solvents or synthetic polymer binders are used during the entire electrode/electrolyte/cell preparation process. - Cellulosic membranes as separators/electrolytes for post-lithium technologies, such as Na-ion and Li-S, thus demonstrating the possibility of obtaining “truly green” energy storage devices in the near future. - Paper-based flexible electrodes and electrolytes for third generation solar cells, useful to lower oil-derived components and typical temperatures used to electrodes processing. This materials platform is promising not only for the sustainable manufacture of energy devices components, but also for their processability at the end of life. For example, the all-paper lithium cell can be easily re-dispersed in water by simple mechanical stirring, as well as common paper handsheets and battery materials can be recovered using well-known water-based recycling process.

Lignocellulosic materials for the sustainable market of energy storage and conversion devices / Bella, Federico; Colo', Francesca; Zolin, Lorenzo; Nair, JIJEESH RAVI; Pugliese, Diego; Stephan, A. M.; Gerbaldi, Claudio. - ELETTRONICO. - (2017), pp. CELL 9-CELL 9. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 254th American Chemical Society National Meeting & Exposition tenutosi a Washington (USA) nel August 20-24, 2017.

Lignocellulosic materials for the sustainable market of energy storage and conversion devices

BELLA, FEDERICO;COLO', FRANCESCA;ZOLIN, LORENZO;NAIR, JIJEESH RAVI;PUGLIESE, DIEGO;GERBALDI, CLAUDIO
2017

Abstract

In the last 20 years, the Li-ion battery market has rapidly grown thanks to the extensive diffusion of mobile electronics devices. In order to lower the cost and reduce the environmental impact of batteries, efforts must be devoted to reduce the amount of inactive components in the cell, to substitute synthetic polymer binders/separators and organic solvents with low-cost and biosourced materials and to develop new eco-friendly processes for the manufacture of cell components (both electrodes and electrolyte). Natural nanoscale-microfibrillated cellulose (NMFC) fibers are readily available; they show stiffness, impressive mechanical robustness, low weight and, furthermore, their preparation process is easy and does not involve chemical reactions. Here we review the use of paper-making technique for manufacturing: - Bio-inspired all-paper Li-ion polymer cells, constituted by NMFC-binded paper-electrodes, and NMFC reinforced polymer electrolytes. The use of NMFC as filler/binder leads to produce high performing, safe and extremely flexible electrolytes for LiBs. No organic solvents or synthetic polymer binders are used during the entire electrode/electrolyte/cell preparation process. - Cellulosic membranes as separators/electrolytes for post-lithium technologies, such as Na-ion and Li-S, thus demonstrating the possibility of obtaining “truly green” energy storage devices in the near future. - Paper-based flexible electrodes and electrolytes for third generation solar cells, useful to lower oil-derived components and typical temperatures used to electrodes processing. This materials platform is promising not only for the sustainable manufacture of energy devices components, but also for their processability at the end of life. For example, the all-paper lithium cell can be easily re-dispersed in water by simple mechanical stirring, as well as common paper handsheets and battery materials can be recovered using well-known water-based recycling process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2683382
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