The adsorption of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) on iron (Fe) (hydr)oxides represents an important stabilization mechanism for soil organic matter (OM) and contributes to soil C accumulation. However, in soils that experience periodic fluctuations in redox conditions the interaction between DOC and Fe (hydr)oxides may not only involve organic coatings on mineral surfaces, but also Fe-DOC coprecipitates that form during the oxidation of soil solutions containing important amounts of DOC and Fe2+. The aim of this work is to provide new insights into the mechanisms involved, and the amount and selectivity of C retained during the coprecipitation process. A series of Fe-OM associations with increasing C loading was synthesized at pH 6 by surface adsorption or coprecipitation (oxidation of ferrous iron) utilizing rice-straw derived dissolved organic matter. The kinetics of Fe2+ oxidation and complexation, and the total and selective retention of DOC during the coprecipitation process were evaluated. Moreover, synthesized associations, as well as a field coprecipitate collected in situ from a paddy soil, were studied by X-ray diffraction, N2 gas adsorption-desorption isotherms, electrophoretic mobility measurements and thermogravimetric analyses. Coprecipitation resulted in higher organic C contents (49–213 mg g−1) with respect to adsorbed systems (18–47 mg g−1), and favoured the inclusion of OM within highly aggregated associations having particularly low BET specific surface areas. Although coprecipitation led to a strong, selective retention of aromatic constituents, the initial complexation of Fe2+ by aliphatic carboxylic moieties and precipitation as C-rich Fe-OM associations contributed to the total C retention, particularly at higher solution C/Fe ratios. These aliphatic complexes formed during coprecipitation may play an important, though often underestimated, role in C stabilization in soils experiencing frequent redox fluctuations and often characterized by elevated soluble Fe2+ and DOC concentrations.
|Titolo:||Dissolved organic carbon retention by coprecipitation during the oxidation of ferrous iron|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.geoderma.2017.07.022|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|