In designing and optimizing new-generation nanomaterials and related quantum devices, dissipation versus decoherence phenomena are often accounted for via local scattering models, such as relaxation-time and Boltzmann-like schemes. Here we show that the use of such local scattering approaches within the Wigner-function formalism may lead to unphysical results, namely anomalous suppression of intersubband relaxation, incorrect thermalization dynamics, and violation of probability-density positivity. Furthermore, we propose a quantum-mechanical generalization of relaxation-time and Boltzmann-like models, resulting in nonlocal scattering superoperators that enable one to overcome such limitations.
|Titolo:||Wigner-function formalism applied to semiconductor quantum devices: Need for nonlocal scattering models|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.96.115420|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|